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Rwanda Country Profile

Basic Facts

Area:  26,338 Km2

Geographic Location: Rwanda is located in Central/Eastern Africa, and is bordered by the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west, Uganda to the north, Tanzania to the east, and Burundi to the south. It lies a few degrees south of the equator and is landlocked

Natural Resources: Cassiterite, coltan

Population (2015): 11,609,666 inhabitants

President: Paul Kagame

Capital City: Kigali

Official Language: Kinyarwanda (official, universal Bantu vernacular), French (official), English (official), Kiswahili (Swahili, used in commercial centers)

Population Administrative Division: 5 provinces


National Investment Promotion Agency:

Source: AfDB Socio Economic Database, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Rwanda Development Board (RDB)

Economic Indicators


GDP (current USD, 2015): 8.2 billion

GDP per capita (current USD, 2015): 710

Global competitiveness index (2015): 58 (world rank out of 140 countries, 2014-2015)

Annual growth rate of GDP per capita (constant prices, 2015): 5.02%

Consumer price index (annual variation rate, 2015): 3.77%

Monetary System

Denomination (ISO): Rwandan Franc (RWF)

Source: UNCTAD

Foreign Exchange Evolution
Average for PeriodUSD/RWFEUR/RWF
2011 600.307 834.507
2012 614.295 789.284
2013 646.636 858.565
2014 681.299 903.902
Social Indicators

Population (2015)11,609,666 inhabitants

Population growth (annual rate, 2015): 2.36%

Literacy rate (2010): 65.85%

Life expectancy (2015): 64.75 years

Urban population (2015): 30.84%

Human development index (2014): 163 (position in the world rank, 186 countries)

Quality of life:


Foreign Trade

Main Exports and Imports by geographic location (percent)

(Graph 1: Main export destinations)

(Graph 2: Main exports by Product)

(Graph 3: Main suppliers of imports)

(Graph 4: Main imports by Product)

Total exports (USD, 2014): 736 million

Tax Regime

Income tax: %

Corporate tax: %

Value-added tax (VAT): %

Minimum capital requirement:

Time required to start a business (days): 5.5

Source: KPMG, World Bank

Strategic Sectors

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